Tags https://ipg.vt.edu/tags.resource.html/ipg_vt_edu:Soundings en Mon, 27 Aug 2018 10:50:26 -0400 http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/rss/rss.html ‘A Triumph of Techniques Over Purpose’* https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/-a-triumph-of-techniques-over-purpose--.html Mon, 04 Oct 2021 12:41:33 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/-a-triumph-of-techniques-over-purpose--.html Soundings 2021-10-04T12:31:00.000-04:00 Torture: A Mockery of America’s Regime Principles https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010115.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:40:36 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010115.html Soundings 2015-01-01T00:00:00.000-05:00 Higher Education Graduation Rates and Responsibility https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010211.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:23:43 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010211.html Soundings 2011-01-02T00:00:00.000-05:00 A Tale of Democratic Political Frailty, Fractiousness and Human Dignity https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010317.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010317.html Soundings 2017-01-03T00:00:00.000-05:00 A House Divided: Blaming the Poor https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010416.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 13:16:34 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010416.html Soundings 2016-01-04T08:00:00.000-05:00 Note from Max Stephenson https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010419.html Mon, 04 Nov 2019 08:07:04 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010419.html Soundings 2019-11-04T08:06:00.000-05:00 On Empathy and Democratic Possibility https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010514.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 16:01:56 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010514.html Soundings 2014-01-05T00:00:00.000-05:00 Considering the Promise and Challenge of International Adoption https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010613.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 13:04:14 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010613.html Soundings 2013-01-06T00:00:00.000-05:00 Pondering The Travesty of [Mis]Representation https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings0106130.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 13:06:32 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings0106130.html Soundings 2013-01-06T00:00:00.000-05:00 On the Nexus of Morality, Justice and Civilization https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010620.html Fri, 03 Jan 2020 08:47:27 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010620.html Soundings 2020-01-06T08:00:00.000-05:00 A Presidency of Lies, Fearmongering and Human Degradation https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010719.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010719.html Soundings 2019-01-07T08:00:00.000-05:00 Revisiting a Central Puzzle of Democracy and of Current U.S. Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010818.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010818.html Soundings 2018-01-08T08:00:00.000-05:00 Reflections on Human Empathy and Empathetic Leadership https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010819.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010819.html Soundings 2019-04-08T08:00:00.000-04:00 Rhetoric has Consequences https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010911.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:22:22 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings010911.html Soundings 2011-01-09T00:00:00.000-05:00 Reflections on Sedition, Political Courage and Self-Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011121.html Mon, 11 Jan 2021 07:49:13 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011121.html Soundings 2021-01-11T08:00:00.000-05:00 Embracing Democracy and Reconciliation in Principle https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011214.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 15:56:11 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011214.html Soundings 2014-01-12T00:00:00.000-05:00 Charting the Policy and Democratic Perils of Ideological Extremism https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011313.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:59:45 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011313.html Soundings 2013-01-13T00:00:00.000-05:00 “Borderline Insanity,” Modernity and Democratic Possibility https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011419.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011419.html Soundings 2019-01-14T08:00:00.000-05:00 Democratic Expectations: A Nation of Toddlers? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011610.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:46:13 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011610.html Soundings 2010-01-16T00:00:00.000-05:00 Markets Cannot Serve as Political Arbiters https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011612.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:07:31 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011612.html Soundings 2012-01-16T00:00:00.000-05:00 Bullying, Derision and Democracy Make Poor Bedfellows https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011717.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011717.html Soundings 2017-01-17T00:00:00.000-05:00 On Sharing the Facts but Imagining Politics Otherwise https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011723.html Tue, 17 Jan 2023 09:07:18 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011723.html Soundings 2023-01-17T08:47:00.000-05:00 On Human Dignity https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011914.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 15:53:31 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011914.html Soundings 2014-01-19T00:00:00.000-05:00 On Epistemology and Democratic Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011915.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:39:10 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011915.html Soundings 2015-01-19T08:00:00.000-05:00 Guns, Ugly Fantasies and Democratic Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011916.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 13:12:48 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings011916.html Soundings 2016-01-19T08:00:00.000-05:00 Pondering Culture, Democracy and Development https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012010.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:45:06 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012010.html Soundings 2010-01-20T00:00:00.000-05:00 Tolerance is a Key Wellspring for Freedom Amidst Diversity https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012013.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:57:54 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012013.html Soundings 2013-01-20T00:00:00.000-05:00 Pondering Hate and its Political Abuse https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012020.html Tue, 21 Jan 2020 08:20:43 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012020.html Soundings 2020-01-20T08:00:00.000-05:00 On Human Darkness and Democratic Possibility https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012218.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012218.html Soundings 2018-01-22T08:00:00.000-05:00 Universities and the Problem of Social Organization https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012311.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:21:13 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012311.html Soundings 2011-01-23T00:00:00.000-05:00 The "Southern Strategy" Revisited https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012312.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:06:26 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012312.html Soundings 2012-01-23T00:00:00.000-05:00 Democratic Governance Rests on a Shared Civil Religion https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012521.html Mon, 25 Jan 2021 07:55:25 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012521.html Soundings 2021-01-25T08:00:00.000-05:00 Democracy at Work? The Age-old Challenge of “Local” Majoritarianism https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012611.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:20:07 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012611.html Soundings 2011-01-26T00:00:00.000-05:00 Pondering the Dilemma of Complexity https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012614.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 15:51:27 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012614.html Soundings 2014-01-26T00:00:00.000-05:00 On the “Idea of the Nation” https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012713.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:26:21 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012713.html Soundings 2013-01-27T00:00:00.000-05:00 The Perils of False Binaries and Magical Thinking https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings0128190.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings0128190.html Soundings 2019-01-28T08:00:00.000-05:00 Pondering the Character of Democratic Community and Possibility https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012912.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:04:54 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings012912.html Soundings 2012-01-29T00:00:00.000-05:00 Of Philanthropy and Individualism https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings013010.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:43:42 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings013010.html Soundings 2010-01-30T00:00:00.000-05:00 On the Misuse of Rhetoric and its Consequences for Democracy https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings013017.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings013017.html Soundings 2017-01-30T00:00:00.000-05:00 Shadowboxing with Words https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings013023.html Mon, 30 Jan 2023 08:54:08 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings013023.html Soundings 2023-01-30T08:41:00.000-05:00 Revisiting "Dual Sovereignty" https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020112.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:03:28 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020112.html Soundings 2012-02-01T00:00:00.000-05:00 Anxiety, Willful Blindness and Democracy https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020115.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:37:12 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020115.html Soundings 2015-02-01T00:00:00.000-05:00 The State of the Union: An Angst-Filled Trajectory for Self-Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020116.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 12:44:52 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020116.html Soundings 2016-02-01T08:00:00.000-05:00 Pete Seeger, Democracy’s Tireless Bard https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020214.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 15:28:49 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020214.html Soundings 2014-02-02T00:00:00.000-05:00 Ongoing Social and Cultural Marketization and the Myth of Political Control https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020313.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:24:09 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020313.html Soundings 2013-02-03T00:00:00.000-05:00 The Costs of Reconciling with the Irreconcilable https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020320.html Wed, 29 Jan 2020 13:58:20 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020320.html Soundings 2020-02-03T08:00:00.000-05:00 The Idea of the Nation https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020512.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:02:19 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020512.html Soundings 2012-02-05T00:00:00.000-05:00 “Scraping off the Essence of Things” https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020518.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020518.html Soundings 2018-02-05T08:00:00.000-05:00 Coping with Anguish in America https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020610.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:42:45 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020610.html Soundings 2010-02-06T00:00:00.000-05:00 American Federalism and the Enduring Myth of a False Sovereign https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020611.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:18:51 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020611.html Soundings 2011-02-06T00:00:00.000-05:00 Sliding Toward Post-Truth and Pre-Fascism* https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020821.html Mon, 08 Feb 2021 08:16:44 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020821.html Soundings 2021-02-08T08:00:00.000-05:00 Revisiting the Ivory Tower Myth https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020914.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 15:25:31 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings020914.html Soundings 2014-02-09T00:00:00.000-05:00 Mr. McCain, Partisanship and Prudential Judgment https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021013.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:22:44 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021013.html Soundings 2013-02-10T00:00:00.000-05:00 Mediated Meaning, Public Salience and Fear https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021110.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:41:29 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021110.html Soundings 2010-02-11T00:00:00.000-05:00 Facets of a Diamond https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021119.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021119.html Soundings 2019-02-11T08:00:00.000-05:00 Torture and Politics in an Age of Anxiety https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021212.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:00:56 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021212.html Soundings 2012-02-12T00:00:00.000-05:00 Lies, Legitimacy and Democratic Truths https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021317.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021317.html Soundings 2017-02-13T00:00:00.000-05:00 Hatred, Fear and Human Dignity https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021515.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:35:37 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021515.html Soundings 2015-02-15T00:00:00.000-05:00 On Anti-“Political Correctness” Posturing, Human Dignity and Self-Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021516.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 12:41:25 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021516.html Soundings 2016-02-15T08:00:00.000-05:00 Democracy, Freedom and Heterogeneity https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021614.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 15:03:35 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021614.html Soundings 2014-02-16T00:00:00.000-05:00 The Continuing Saga of the Chuck Hagel Nomination https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021713.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:21:32 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021713.html Soundings 2013-02-17T00:00:00.000-05:00 These Truths are “Self-Evident” No Longer https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021720.html Mon, 17 Feb 2020 08:10:12 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021720.html Soundings 2020-02-17T08:06:00.000-05:00 On ‘Changemakers,’ Education and Democratic Self-Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021818.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings021818.html Soundings 2019-02-18T08:00:00.000-05:00 Democracy's Enduring Tensions https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022012.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:59:25 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022012.html Soundings 2012-02-20T00:00:00.000-05:00 An Unaccountable Turn and an Indefensible Twist https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022122.html Mon, 21 Feb 2022 08:53:18 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022122.html Soundings 2022-02-21T08:26:00.000-05:00 On Incitement to Hatred, Sedition and the Way Forward https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022221.html Tue, 23 Feb 2021 13:56:54 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022221.html Soundings 2021-02-22T08:00:00.000-05:00 The Policy Consequences of Democratic Paranoia and Delusion https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022314.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 14:59:35 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022314.html Soundings 2014-02-23T00:00:00.000-05:00 On the Fearful Consequences of Human Fear for Human Dignity and Freedom https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022413.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:19:56 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022413.html Soundings 2013-02-24T00:00:00.000-05:00 Of Freedom and Dark, Cruel Lies https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022519.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022519.html Soundings 2019-02-25T08:00:00.000-05:00 Musing on Service and "Practical Idealism" https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022612.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:57:27 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022612.html Soundings 2012-02-26T00:00:00.000-05:00 The Wayfaring Stranger https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022711.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:17:38 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022711.html Soundings 2011-02-27T00:00:00.000-05:00 “Democratic Deconsolidation,” Freedom of the Press and the Primacy of Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022717.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022717.html Soundings 2017-02-27T00:00:00.000-05:00 The Common Good, Today’s GOP, Morality and Democratic Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022916.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 12:36:04 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings022916.html Soundings 2016-02-29T08:00:00.000-05:00 Paranoia, Politics and Jeremiads, American Style https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030115.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:14:44 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030115.html Soundings 2015-03-01T08:00:00.000-05:00 Democratic Sovereignty is no Guarantor of Freedom https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030214.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 14:55:53 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030214.html Soundings 2014-03-02T00:00:00.000-05:00 “There is a Crack in Everything: That’s How the Light Gets in” * https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030220.html Mon, 02 Mar 2020 08:16:27 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030220.html Soundings 2020-03-02T08:00:00.000-05:00 Undermining Democratic Self-Governance via Ideological Absolutism https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030313.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:18:21 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030313.html Soundings 2013-03-03T00:00:00.000-05:00 Mobilizing Rhetoric as Emblem of Enervating Democratic Capacity https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030518.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030518.html Soundings 2018-03-05T08:00:00.000-05:00 Observations on a Brief Visit to Nigeria https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030612.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:56:05 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030612.html Soundings 2012-03-06T00:00:00.000-05:00 Redeeming Democratic Possibility https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030821.html Mon, 08 Mar 2021 07:34:08 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030821.html Soundings 2021-03-08T08:00:00.000-05:00 When Empathy Withers https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030914.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 11:40:04 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings030914.html Soundings 2014-03-09T00:00:00.000-05:00 When Turnabout is Not Fair Play https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031013.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:16:39 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031013.html Soundings 2013-03-10T00:00:00.000-05:00 The "Secret Garden" of Democratic Imagination https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031112.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:54:21 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031112.html Soundings 2012-03-11T00:00:00.000-05:00 Pondering a Once Shared Covenant, Preaching Limitless Individualism https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031217.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031217.html Soundings 2017-03-12T00:00:00.000-05:00 Evan Bayh had it Right https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031310.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:40:10 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031310.html Soundings 2010-03-13T00:00:00.000-05:00 A Descent into Brutish Crudity and Demagoguery https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031416.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 12:32:43 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031416.html Soundings 2016-03-14T08:00:00.000-04:00 Lessons from Myanmar for Human Rights and Democracy https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031422.html Mon, 14 Mar 2022 09:37:05 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031422.html Soundings 2022-03-14T08:35:00.000-04:00 The New Absolutism in American Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031515.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:11:21 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031515.html Soundings 2015-03-15T08:00:00.000-04:00 The Democratic Fable of ‘The People’ as Unaccountable Innocents https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031614.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 11:29:02 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031614.html Soundings 2014-03-16T00:00:00.000-04:00 A Cri de Coeur Regarding our Present Governance Crisis https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031620.html Tue, 10 Mar 2020 12:50:58 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031620.html Soundings 2020-03-16T08:00:00.000-04:00 Democratic Politics, Dignity and Freedom https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031713.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:14:14 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031713.html Soundings 2013-03-17T00:00:00.000-04:00 Rights, Morality and Campaign Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031812.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:52:51 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031812.html Soundings 2012-03-18T00:00:00.000-04:00 Of Democratic Greatness and Infamy https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031918.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings031918.html Soundings 2018-03-19T08:19:00.000-04:00 Fear on the Border https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings032110.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:39:05 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings032110.html Soundings 2010-03-21T00:00:00.000-04:00 Ventriloquism Appalachian Style https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings032221.html Mon, 22 Mar 2021 07:57:17 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings032221.html Soundings 2021-03-22T08:00:00.000-04:00 Presence and Absence and Democratic Agency https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings03232014.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 11:26:55 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings03232014.html Soundings 2014-03-23T00:00:00.000-04:00 Alterity, Sensemaking and the Death of Innocents https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings032413.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:10:25 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings032413.html Soundings 2013-03-24T00:00:00.000-04:00 Note from Max Stephenson about Soundings https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings0325.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings0325.html Soundings 2019-03-25T08:21:00.000-04:00 Captain Fantastic meets Democratic Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings032512.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:51:22 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings032512.html Soundings 2012-03-25T00:00:00.000-04:00 The White House as Puzzle Palace of Demagoguery and Lies https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings032717.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings032717.html Soundings 2017-03-27T00:00:00.000-04:00 Fantasy, Phantasm and Pursuit of Power https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings032915.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:06:50 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings032915.html Soundings 2015-03-29T08:00:00.000-04:00 The Puzzle of Malignant Social Fantasies https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings033014.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 10:59:22 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings033014.html Soundings 2014-03-30T00:00:00.000-04:00 Deception, Self-Deception and Self-Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings033020.html Mon, 30 Mar 2020 07:48:04 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings033020.html Soundings 2020-03-30T08:00:00.000-04:00 Alterity, Sensemaking and Innocents II https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings033113.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:09:05 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings033113.html Soundings 2013-03-31T00:00:00.000-04:00 Argument by “Certain” Assertion: Today’s New Public Policy Forum? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings040112.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:50:07 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings040112.html Soundings 2012-04-01T00:00:00.000-04:00 The Uses and Misuses of Rhetoric https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings040614.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 10:56:09 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings040614.html Soundings 2014-04-06T00:00:00.000-04:00 Unleashing the Power of Empathetic Imagination https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings040713.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:07:55 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings040713.html Soundings 2013-04-07T00:00:00.000-04:00 A New Cyclone comes to Myanmar https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings040812.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:48:55 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings040812.html Soundings 2012-04-08T00:00:00.000-04:00 Revisiting the Foundations of Democratic Self-Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings040818.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings040818.html Soundings 2018-04-08T08:00:00.000-04:00 Qaddafi and Academic Freedom https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041011.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:16:05 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041011.html Soundings 2011-04-10T00:00:00.000-04:00 Of Ignorance, Expertise, Demagoguery and Democracy https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041017.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041017.html Soundings 2017-04-10T00:00:00.000-04:00 On Three ways of Looking at a Political Phenomenon https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041116.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041116.html Soundings 2016-04-11T00:00:00.000-04:00 Institutionalizing ‘Doublethink’ and the Challenge of Democratic Deliberation https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041215.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 15:52:03 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041215.html Soundings 2015-04-12T08:00:00.000-04:00 On Fear, Killing, Torture and Rationalization https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041314.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 10:47:01 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041314.html Soundings 2014-04-13T00:00:00.000-04:00 Artistry, Principle and the Paradox of Self-Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041320.html Mon, 20 Apr 2020 08:12:13 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041320.html Soundings 2020-04-13T08:00:00.000-04:00 On Kindness and Democratic Self-Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041413.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:05:10 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041413.html Soundings 2013-04-14T00:00:00.000-04:00 How shall we Define Freedom? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041512.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:47:39 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041512.html Soundings 2012-04-15T00:00:00.000-04:00 "Abyssal Politics": Republican Party Style https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041822.html Mon, 18 Apr 2022 11:17:19 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041822.html Soundings 2022-04-18T11:04:00.000-04:00 Ramsey Clark and the Challenge of Morally Imaginative Leadership https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041921.html Mon, 19 Apr 2021 08:00:06 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings041921.html Soundings 2021-04-19T08:00:00.000-04:00 Pondering Human Dignity, Democracy and Freedom https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042014.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 10:45:03 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042014.html Soundings 2014-04-20T00:00:00.000-04:00 Democratic Torpor? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042113.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 11:55:44 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042113.html Soundings 2013-04-21T00:00:00.000-04:00 Leonard Cohen: A Villanelle for our Time https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042212.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:46:11 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042212.html Soundings 2012-04-22T00:00:00.000-04:00 “Seeking What No Other Man has Found or can Find” https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042218.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042218.html Soundings 2018-04-22T08:00:00.000-04:00 The Danger of Allowing the ‘Boughs to turn Brown’ https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042219.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042219.html Soundings 2019-04-22T08:07:00.000-04:00 The Wayfaring Stranger https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042417.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042417.html Soundings 2017-04-24T00:00:00.000-04:00 On Frame Ambiguity and Democratic Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042516.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042516.html Soundings 2016-04-25T00:00:00.000-04:00 The Politics of “Dispossession” https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042615.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 15:41:32 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042615.html Soundings 2015-04-26T08:00:00.000-04:00 Fighting Poverty and Banning Books https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042714.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 10:42:23 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042714.html Soundings 2014-04-27T00:00:00.000-04:00 Pondering Death, Depravity and Decadent Pursuit of Power as Public Policy https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042720.html Mon, 27 Apr 2020 07:36:27 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042720.html Soundings 2020-04-27T00:00:00.000-04:00 “With Hatred and Malice toward those who Dare Differ with Me” https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042813.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 11:52:29 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042813.html Soundings 2013-04-28T00:00:00.000-04:00 Pondering the Nexus of Nature, Politics and Affection https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042912.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:43:00 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings042912.html Soundings 2012-04-29T00:00:00.000-04:00 In Memoriam: Wolfgang Natter, May 22, 1955-April 29, 2018 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050218.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050218.html Soundings 2018-05-02T08:00:00.000-04:00 Morality has left the Building https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050222.html Tue, 17 May 2022 08:52:51 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050222.html Soundings 2022-05-02T08:17:00.000-04:00 Political Agency, Personal Responsibility and our Nation’s Governance Crisis https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings0503.html Wed, 05 May 2021 08:40:09 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings0503.html Soundings 2021-05-03T08:00:00.000-04:00 Haiti and Cholera: An Ongoing Failure of Imagination and Responsibility https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050414.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 10:40:28 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050414.html Soundings 2014-05-04T00:00:00.000-04:00 President Obama Revisits the “Gitmo” Nightmare https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050513.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 12:33:32 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050513.html Soundings 2013-05-05T00:00:00.000-04:00 Can a democratic electorate be held accountable? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050612.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:41:31 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050612.html Soundings 2012-05-06T00:00:00.000-04:00 A Reasoned Politics of Mosaic Possibility https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050619.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050619.html Soundings 2019-05-06T08:19:00.000-04:00 Heedless Policy Cruelty https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050817.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050817.html Soundings 2017-05-08T00:00:00.000-04:00 Democratic Mobilization, Deliberation and Civic Health https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050916.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings050916.html Soundings 2016-05-09T00:00:00.000-04:00 A Disquieting Enervation of Democratic Possibility https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051114.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 10:37:15 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051114.html Soundings 2014-05-11T00:00:00.000-04:00 Another Turn of the Wheel https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051115.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 15:36:59 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051115.html Soundings 2015-05-11T08:00:00.000-04:00 Governance as Moral And Ethical Bankruptcy https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051120.html Mon, 11 May 2020 08:22:56 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051120.html Soundings 2020-05-11T08:09:00.000-04:00 Gabrielle Giffords: Heralding a ‘Profile in Courage’ https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051213.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 10:53:08 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051213.html Soundings 2013-05-12T00:00:00.000-04:00 Senator Lugar meets the new GOP: The Nation comes the Cropper https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051312.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:40:13 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051312.html Soundings 2012-05-13T00:00:00.000-04:00 Reflections on Federalism, Democratic Responsibility and a Leaked Supreme Court Decision https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051622.html Tue, 17 May 2022 08:44:09 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051622.html Soundings 2022-05-16T08:09:00.000-04:00 The Importance and Privilege of a Mentoring Community https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051710.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:37:42 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051710.html Soundings 2010-05-17T00:00:00.000-04:00 The GOP Descent into Nihilism https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051721.html Mon, 17 May 2021 07:45:14 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051721.html Soundings 2021-05-17T08:00:00.000-04:00 Is Democratic Moderation Sustainable? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051810.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:36:38 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051810.html Soundings 2010-05-18T00:00:00.000-04:00 Politics, Imposed Privation and Human Rights https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051814.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 10:31:54 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051814.html Soundings 2014-05-18T00:00:00.000-04:00 ‘Through a Glass Darkly’ or Weighing the Democratic Price of Partisan Mobilization at any Cost https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051913.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 10:36:21 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings051913.html Soundings 2013-05-19T00:00:00.000-04:00 Learning from G.K. Chesterton: The Importance of Respect and Wonder https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052012.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:38:53 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052012.html Soundings 2012-05-20T00:00:00.000-04:00 One Nation or a Country of Clans? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052019.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052019.html Soundings 2019-05-20T08:00:00.000-04:00 Human Rationalization, Alterity and the Challenge of Moral Courage https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052117.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052117.html Soundings 2017-05-21T00:00:00.000-04:00 Note from Max Stephenson https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052118.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052118.html Soundings 2018-05-21T10:48:00.000-04:00 Homo Faber: The Triumph and Perils of Narcissistic Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052216.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052216.html Soundings 2016-05-22T00:00:00.000-04:00 Civic Engagement as Soulcraft https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052310.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:35:19 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052310.html Soundings 2010-05-23T00:00:00.000-04:00 Reflections On Writing and Writing Well https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052313.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 10:32:56 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052313.html Soundings 2013-05-23T00:00:00.000-04:00 Reflecting on two of your Recent Commentaries https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052610.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:34:12 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052610.html Soundings 2010-05-26T00:00:00.000-04:00 On the Impasse Over Active Learning https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052614.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 09:44:24 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052614.html Soundings 2014-05-26T00:00:00.000-04:00 Of False Analogies, Fabled Claims and Caution Flags https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052615.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 15:33:34 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052615.html Soundings 2015-05-26T08:00:00.000-04:00 Pondering Political Brinksmanship and the Public Trust https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052812.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:37:34 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings052812.html Soundings 2012-05-28T00:00:00.000-04:00 The Danger of ‘Cumulative Radicalization’ https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings05312022.html Tue, 31 May 2022 10:11:34 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings05312022.html Soundings 2022-05-31T09:53:00.000-04:00 Hélène Berr and the Dilemma of ‘Human Understanding’ https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060114.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 09:41:31 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060114.html Soundings 2014-06-01T00:00:00.000-04:00 When Bad Theory Leads to Poor Policy https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060213.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 10:27:59 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060213.html Soundings 2013-06-02T00:00:00.000-04:00 Counting the Costs of Predatory Mobilization Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060312.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:36:17 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060312.html Soundings 2012-06-03T00:00:00.000-04:00 Constitutional Self-Governance is Not Simply a Partisan Matter https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060319.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060319.html Soundings 2019-05-23T13:04:00.000-04:00 Pondering Kintsugi and Community Change in Appalachia https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060418.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060418.html Soundings 2018-06-04T08:00:00.000-04:00 The Danger Within https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060516.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060516.html Soundings 2016-06-05T00:00:00.000-04:00 Privatism and Relentless Attacks on Democratic Values and Human Rights https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060517.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060517.html Soundings 2017-06-05T00:00:00.000-04:00 Liberal Learning meets the Politics of Fear and Neo-liberalism https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060715.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 15:29:48 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060715.html Soundings 2015-06-07T00:00:00.000-04:00 On the Nexus of ‘Human Understanding’ and Freedom https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060814.html Tue, 28 Jan 2020 16:47:07 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060814.html Soundings 2014-06-08T00:00:00.000-04:00 Harbingers of A Riven Nation https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060820.html Fri, 05 Jun 2020 19:03:07 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060820.html Soundings 2020-06-08T07:30:00.000-04:00 On Writing about Democratic Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060913.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 10:24:56 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings060913.html Soundings 2013-06-09T00:00:00.000-04:00 The Politics of ‘Back to the Future’ Economics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061012.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:35:05 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061012.html Soundings 2012-06-10T00:00:00.000-04:00 Reflections on "Lectures on Leadership" https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061310.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:32:41 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061310.html Soundings 2010-06-13T00:00:00.000-04:00 Synodality and the Crisis of Democratic Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061322.html Mon, 13 Jun 2022 08:26:07 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061322.html Soundings 2022-06-13T08:13:00.000-04:00 Democratic Truisms https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061514.html Tue, 28 Jan 2020 16:42:59 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061514.html Soundings 2014-06-15T00:00:00.000-04:00 Freedom, Security and the Lessons of History https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061613.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 10:23:17 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061613.html Soundings 2013-06-16T00:00:00.000-04:00 What Ails Public Higher Education? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061712.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:30:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061712.html Soundings 2012-06-17T00:00:00.000-04:00 Note from Max Stephenson https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061719.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061719.html Soundings 2019-06-17T08:13:00.000-04:00 Moral Ambiguity, Moral Courage and Democratic Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061916.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061916.html Soundings 2016-06-19T00:00:00.000-04:00 A Remediable Choice or Continued Democratic Decline? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061919.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings061919.html Soundings 2017-06-19T00:00:00.000-04:00 The Once and Future Perils of Popular Rule https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062115.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 15:23:45 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062115.html Soundings 2015-06-21T08:00:00.000-04:00 “Democracy” comes to Myanmar: Discrimination, Mass Imprisonment and Death https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062214.html Tue, 28 Jan 2020 16:41:53 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062214.html Soundings 2014-06-22T00:00:00.000-04:00 ‘Truth is the Oxygen in the Air of Democracy’ (1) https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062220.html Mon, 22 Jun 2020 13:43:21 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062220.html Soundings 2020-06-22T08:00:00.000-04:00 On Federalism and the Arizona Voter Identification Case https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062313.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 10:12:26 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062313.html Soundings 2013-06-23T00:00:00.000-04:00 Reflections on a Governance Failure https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062412.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:22:48 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062412.html Soundings 2012-06-24T00:00:00.000-04:00 The Policy Paradox Implicit in Defining Freedom as Agency https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062613.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 10:10:44 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062613.html Soundings 2013-06-26T00:00:00.000-04:00 Banning Books and Pondering Democratic Possibility https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062722.html Mon, 27 Jun 2022 08:38:01 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062722.html Soundings 2022-06-27T08:17:00.000-04:00 Musings on Fear and Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062812.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 15:20:54 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062812.html Soundings 2012-06-28T00:00:00.000-04:00 The “Strange Sap” of Unreality and Intolerance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062821.html Fri, 25 Jun 2021 16:46:48 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062821.html Soundings 2021-06-28T08:52:00.000-04:00 On Eric Cantor’s Defeat https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062914.html Tue, 28 Jan 2020 16:38:40 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings062914.html Soundings 2014-06-29T00:00:00.000-04:00 Soundings July 2: An “Infestation” of Lies [1] https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings070218.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings070218.html Soundings 2018-07-02T08:00:00.000-04:00 The Struggle to Control America’s Identity https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings070517.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings070517.html Soundings 2017-07-05T00:00:00.000-04:00 Contentions that Pass For Conversation https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings070620.html Mon, 06 Jul 2020 08:10:10 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings070620.html Soundings 2020-07-06T00:00:00.000-04:00 Counting the Costs of Policy-making by Ideological Abstraction https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings070713.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 10:09:12 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings070713.html Soundings 2013-07-07T00:00:00.000-04:00 Reaping a Whirlwind of Hate https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071122.html Mon, 11 Jul 2022 08:39:13 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071122.html Soundings 2022-07-11T08:24:00.000-04:00 A Pope’s Plea for the Commons, Democratic Governance and Social Justice https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071215.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 15:08:27 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071215.html Soundings 2015-07-12T08:00:00.000-04:00 Charting the Shadows of Feigned Outrage https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings07122021.html Tue, 06 Jul 2021 09:46:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings07122021.html Soundings 2021-07-12T09:41:00.000-04:00 Egypt and the Enduring Challenge of Democracy’s Pre-conditions https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071413.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 10:07:07 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071413.html Soundings 2013-07-14T00:00:00.000-04:00 The Human Cost of a Politics of Lies https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071519.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071519.html Soundings 2019-07-15T08:00:00.000-04:00 Note from Max Stephenson about Soundings. https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071618.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071618.html Soundings 2018-07-16T08:00:00.000-04:00 Pondering the "Problem of the Antecedent Condition" https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071810.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:31:24 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071810.html Soundings 2010-07-18T00:00:00.000-04:00 A Terrible Inevitability? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071816.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071816.html Soundings 2016-07-18T00:00:00.000-04:00 The Shared Roots of Genocide and Systematic Persecution https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071915.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 15:00:17 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings071915.html Soundings 2015-07-19T08:00:00.000-04:00 On Rhetoric, Leadership and Democratic Community https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072020.html Mon, 20 Jul 2020 14:08:46 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072020.html Soundings 2020-07-20T08:03:00.000-04:00 Pondering an Invidious Legislative Action https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072113.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 09:32:32 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072113.html Soundings 2013-07-21T00:00:00.000-04:00 “Abandoning the Poor” as a Political and Social Strategy? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072212.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 14:53:24 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072212.html Soundings 2012-07-22T00:00:00.000-04:00 A Shared Quest for All or a Single Imposed ‘Patrimony’? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072522.html Mon, 25 Jul 2022 09:05:23 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072522.html Soundings 2022-07-25T08:32:00.000-04:00 A Looming American Choice: Self-Determination as Freedom or Tyranny? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings07262021.html Thu, 22 Jul 2021 09:41:15 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings07262021.html Soundings 2021-07-26T09:33:00.000-04:00 Senator Rand Paul and the Illusory Politics of the “Lost Cause” https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072813.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 09:30:30 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072813.html Soundings 2013-07-28T00:00:00.000-04:00 The Implications of the Political Economy of Olympic Ideals https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072912.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 14:51:49 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072912.html Soundings 2012-07-29T00:00:00.000-04:00 Trump’s Dangerous Game https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072919.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings072919.html Soundings 2019-07-29T08:02:00.000-04:00 A Clear and Present Danger https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings073017.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings073017.html Soundings 2017-07-30T00:00:00.000-04:00 Prophetic Imagination and the Current American Governance Crisis https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings073018.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 11:35:26 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings073018.html Soundings 2018-07-30T08:00:00.000-04:00 A Portrait of a Cruel Imaginary and a Sketch of an Alternative https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080215.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 14:52:53 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080215.html Soundings 2015-08-02T00:00:00.000-04:00 On “Tolerance” and Preserving Democratic Possibility https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080314.html Tue, 28 Jan 2020 16:37:09 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080314.html Soundings 2014-08-03T00:00:00.000-04:00 On Rhetoric, Posturing and the Politics of Hate https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080320.html Fri, 31 Jul 2020 14:06:03 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080320.html Soundings 2020-08-03T08:00:00.000-04:00 Soundings: The Politics of Choosing Between Scylla and Charybdis https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080411.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:14:26 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080411.html Soundings 2011-08-04T00:00:00.000-04:00 Say it Loud and Blame Government: Today’s Mobilization Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080413.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 09:27:52 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080413.html Soundings 2013-08-04T00:00:00.000-04:00 “Debating the ‘Size’ of Government or Attacking Governance Itself?” https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080712.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 14:50:21 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080712.html Soundings 2012-08-07T00:00:00.000-04:00 “The Canny and Careful Reconstruction of Barbarism”* https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080921.html Mon, 09 Aug 2021 12:03:04 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings080921.html Soundings 2021-08-09T11:35:00.000-04:00 ‘Creative Destruction’ or Neo-Liberal Cost Shifting? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081014.html Tue, 28 Jan 2020 16:35:57 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081014.html Soundings 2014-08-10T00:00:00.000-04:00 Democratic Governance as Fear-filled Dissembling https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081113.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 09:25:13 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081113.html Soundings 2013-08-11T00:00:00.000-04:00 Musings on Art, Artistry and Aesthetic Imagination https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081212.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 14:48:56 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081212.html Soundings 2012-08-12T00:00:00.000-04:00 Eroding Human Rights and the Nation’s Collective Moral Imagination https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081219.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081219.html Soundings 2019-08-12T08:00:00.000-04:00 Rationalizing Trump: A Strained and Strange Mixture of Fantasy and Fear https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081318.html Mon, 11 May 2020 09:50:56 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081318.html Soundings 2018-08-13T08:00:00.000-04:00

CORE FACULTY

One of the great puzzles of the Trump presidency is why his supporters and his adopted political party continue to accept his ludicrous lies and assent to whatever he argues, however fantastic. Logic and reason do not explain why so many Americans are willing to countenance Trump’s continued attacks on journalists, for example, as lying conspiracy promoters and “enemies of the people.” These baseless claims, assaults on the very foundations of a free people, demand much cognitively of those adopting them to rationalize them, since they are so completely discordant with reality. In truth, Trump’s contentions require that those supporting them set aside reason altogether. This is also the case for those who have chosen to believe Trump’s frequent assertions (most recently targeted at basketball superstar LeBron James) that individuals, especially African- Americans, who criticize him on any grounds have a low IQ or are “unintelligent.”1

Unfortunately, such attacks do not exhaust the long list of lies and hate mongering that many citizens have accepted at Trump’s behest. Those embracing Trump must also rationalize or choose to ignore his arguments that America’s allies constitute a great threat and its enemies, especially Russia, should instead be admired and respected. Indeed, Trump went so far at a recent campaign rally to suggest that the leaders of his own administration’s defense, intelligence and security establishment are wrong in contending Russia interfered with the 2016 election and continues to seek to shape American elections, as this is written. He instead called these concerns a “hoax,” an absolutely false, not to say, bizarre, allegation.2

At bottom, the paradox of Trump’s continued lies and simultaneous policy attacks on the interests of his supporters even as they continue to embrace him, raises at least three basic questions:

  • On what bases are they doing so?

  • What are the principal implications for self-governance of their continued support of a compulsive liar and demagogue?

  • How far are such Americans willing to cede their rights and those of their fellow citizens in their allegiance to Trump?

While many Republican elected leaders appear to be accepting Trump’s outlandish claims because they are fearful that his most fervent supporters will turn on them and perhaps jeopardize their reelection if they do not, others, including many members of the so-called Trump “base” that those GOP officials dread, offer different reasons for accepting Trump’s lies. Evangelicals offer one partial lens into these justifications as their members are among the staunchest group of Trump acolytes. A Washington Post reporter recently visited one such Southern Baptist congregation in the small rural town of Luverne, Alabama and the “reasons” its attendees offered for their allegiance to Trump were both disturbing and revelatory.3 It is useful to reflect on those contentions in light of the three concerns noted above. Recent polls suggest that roughly 80 percent of Southern Baptists nationally support Trump. And several of those in that church’s Luverne congregation, “agreed with Franklin Graham, son of the evangelist Billy Graham, that the only explanation for Trump being in the White House was that ‘God put him there.’”4 They assume this position in part because they believe that he is strongly supporting their anti-abortion view, is willing to seek the appointment of very conservative Supreme Court justices and understands that their faith is “under siege.” Moreover, they believe that God has ordained those positions. Apart from their predilection to support Trump’s stance in these areas, their assumption that God engineered Trump’s narrow Electoral College win is dangerous. By such a measure, any election winner may be judged a favorite of God and that leaves one with a long list of tyrants who have “won” elections, including Adolf Hitler, who, it would be difficult to contend, were engaged in God’s work. Bluntly, this argument is nonsense.

Some Luverne congregants recognized that this contention was problematic and were also troubled by Trump’s ugly personae, including his public speeches in which he routinely has called other individuals “losers” and “stupid,” and the many allegations concerning his past and present immoral and unethical personal behavior. As one leader in the Alabama church observed,

I hate it. My wife and I talk about it all the time. We rationalize the immoral things away. We don’t like it, but we look at the alternative, and think it could be worse than this. The only way to understand how a Christian like him could support a man who boasted about grabbing women’s crotches, Terry said, was to understand how he felt about the person Trump was still constantly bringing up in his speeches and who loomed large in Terry’s thoughts: Hillary Clinton, whom Terry saw as ‘sinister’ and ‘evil’ and ‘I’d say, of Satan.’ ‘She hates me,’ Terry said, sitting in Crum’s [the pastor’s] office one day. ‘She has contempt for people like me and Clay (sic.), and people who love God and believe in the Second Amendment. I think if she had her way it would be a dangerous country for the likes of me.’5

This argument is fascinating, for it suggests that these individuals were willing to believe that Hillary Clinton hated them and that their right to bear arms truly was at risk had she won the election instead of Trump. There is no evidence for either claim. Clinton’s unfortunate 2016 campaign comment that this population was deplorable was offered in frustration and it was never incorporated into her proposed policies or actions, which instead were designed to assist many who were and are Trump supporters. There is no confirmation, either, that Trump’s electoral shift to his current position concerning faith and the easy availability of powerful firearms was anything but opportunistic. In any case, apart from GOP and ideological posturing and propagandizing, there is also no substantiation, as the deacon remarked, that Clinton should be regarded as evil while Trump, who has a long history of ethically and morally dubious activities, including systematically misleading his supporters concerning the implications of his policies, should be regarded as “God’s chosen one.” These contentions suggest how far these individuals will twist their nominally espoused beliefs to rationalize their support for Trump.

Beyond these arguments, a share of the believers quoted by the Post, in keeping with their view that Trump is doing God’s work, went further to argue that,

‘I think they are trying to frame him,’ she said, referring to the unflattering stories about the president. By ‘they,’ she meant liberals and others she believed were not only trying to undermine Trump’s agenda, but God’s agenda for America, which she believed was engaged in a great spiritual contest between good and evil, God and Satan, the saved and the unsaved, for whom God had prepared two places.6

This sort of claim echoes Trump’s own wild conspiratorial claims that the media, “Fake News” and unspecified others (“they”) are making up stories to undermine him. Once again, there is no support for these arguments. Instead, as the Luverne church deacon Terry suggested, these individuals are “rationalizing” Trump’s often, in their view, abhorrent behavior, against apocalyptically framed fantasies concerning what would have occurred had he not won in 2016.

Some of Luverne’s congregants, to justify their support for Trump, embraced the claim that President Barack Obama is a Muslim (untrue, as was Trump’s long-time assertion that President Obama was not a citizen) who waged war on Christians, and the equally false claim that Hillary Clinton would have continued that mythical onslaught:

‘You can say righteously I do not support him [Trump] because of his moral character but you are washing your hands of what is happening in this country,’ she said, explaining that in her view America was slipping toward ‘a civil war on our shores.’... ‘Obama was acting at the behest of the Islamic nation,’ she began one afternoon when she was getting her nails done with her friend Linda. She was referring to allegations that President Barack Obama is a Muslim, not a Christian — allegations that are false. ‘He carried a Koran and it was not for literary purposes. If you look at it, the number of Christians is decreasing, the number of Muslims has grown. We allowed them to come in.’ ‘Obama woke a sleeping nation, said Linda.7

These individuals have accepted lies and fantasies to justify their fears and support of Trump, but these falsehoods were not of their making alone. The claim that Obama is a Muslim and that he conducted a “secret” war on Christianity did not originate with these groups. It is similarly outrageous that Trump has been rationalized as the savior who will remedy a nonexistent crisis. While Luverne’s churchgoers offered several more “reasons” for their support for Trump, it is clear that those claims sought foremost, as deacon Terry noted, to excuse.

While the views of this microcosm of Trump supporters may only be regarded as suggestive, they present a sobering picture. First, it appears that in the name of their fears of possibilities that are not occurring, their belief in lies; not to say their choice to believe in lies to rationalize their positions, and their overriding and absolutist devotion to a very few policy concerns, these individuals are willing to countenance a wide variety of pernicious policies and behaviors that undermine their broader economic and social interests and our regime more generally. Indeed, paradoxically, the very behaviors they have been willing to excuse concerning Trump - his constant and outrageous lies and double-speak efforts to undercut the nation’s primary institutions in the name of what he perceives as his short-term political interests - are corroding the nation’s capacities for self-governance. Second, to the extent that adherents of any faith tradition in our pluralistic nation are willing to believe and act on imagined fears that others are attacking them, they risk occasioning the disease they purport is already afoot. To the degree that perception was created and sustained in the present case by ideologues and power seekers for the purpose of mobilizing this constituency, it is especially cynical and its implications all the more sad for that reason.

Finally, the views of these individuals remind interested observers that democratic deliberation is innately complex and difficult to engender and still more challenging to sustain in today’s polarized environment of canalized and often politically self-interested information sources. This fact highlights the unsettling reality that those employing these vehicles to sow fear and spread lies to mobilize voters and secure votes are now playing a very significant enervating role in the future of self-governance in the United States.

 

Notes

[1] Caron, Christina. “Trump Mocks LeBron James Intelligence and calls Don Lemon Dumbest Man’ on TV,” The New York Times, August 4, 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/04/sports/donald-trump-lebron-james-twitter.html Accessed August 4, 2018.

[2] Yen, Hope and Calvin Woodward. “AP Fact Check: Trump’s imagined Steel Mills, Russian ‘Hoax,’” Associated Press News, August 6, 2018, https://www.apnews.com/e6ee02634ee94e32a88a91c9d4d66c7a

[3] McCrummen, Stephanie, “Judgment Days: God, Trump and the Meaning of Morality,” The Washington Post, July 21, 2018, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/national/wp/2018/07/21/feature/god-trump-and-the-meaning-of-morality/ Accessed July 21, 2018.

[4] McCrummen, August 4, 2018.

[5] McCrummen, August 4, 2018.

[6] McCrummen, August 4, 2018.

[7] McCrummen, August 4, 2018.

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Fear and Bigotry: Democracy’s Achilles Heel? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081416.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081416.html Soundings 2016-08-14T00:00:00.000-04:00 “Voices from the Appalachian Coalfields” https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081417.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081417.html Soundings 2017-08-14T08:00:00.000-04:00 Rediscovering the Democratic and Economic Possibility Inherent in Imagination https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081615.html Mon, 09 Dec 2019 11:18:57 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081615.html Soundings 2015-08-16T11:09:00.000-04:00 Political Versus Economic Sovereignty https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081714.html Tue, 28 Jan 2020 16:33:03 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081714.html Soundings 2014-08-17T00:00:00.000-04:00 Charting a Path from ‘Quasi-Democratic Autocracy’ to Democratic Self-Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081720.html Mon, 17 Aug 2020 07:45:18 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081720.html Soundings 2020-08-17T08:00:00.000-04:00 Blaming the Poor https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081813.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 09:19:58 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081813.html Soundings 2013-08-18T00:00:00.000-04:00 When a President Embraces, and Celebrates Hate https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081817.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081817.html Soundings 2017-08-18T08:00:00.000-04:00 Mitt Romney’s Ethical Morass https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081912.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 14:45:09 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings081912.html Soundings 2012-08-19T00:00:00.000-04:00 Staying the Course in the Quest for Social Justice https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082222.html Mon, 22 Aug 2022 08:43:30 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082222.html Soundings 2022-08-22T08:20:00.000-04:00 Pondering an Apology for Social and Political Madness https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082321.html Mon, 23 Aug 2021 08:57:39 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082321.html Soundings 2021-08-23T08:46:00.000-04:00 Of Sea Turtles, Piping Plovers and Freedom https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082414.html Tue, 28 Jan 2020 16:25:39 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082414.html Soundings 2014-08-24T00:00:00.000-04:00 Discounting the Future https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082513.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 09:18:37 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082513.html Soundings 2013-08-25T00:00:00.000-04:00 Neo-Liberalism and the Democratic Imperative of Empathetic Imagination https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082612.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 14:43:21 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082612.html Soundings 2012-08-26T00:00:00.000-04:00 Trump’s Siren Song of Hate https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082619.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082619.html Soundings 2019-08-26T00:00:00.000-04:00 Freedom for all: Principle on a Precipice https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082717.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082717.html Soundings 2017-08-27T08:00:00.000-04:00 A Calculated Attack on Human Rights and Dignity https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082718.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings082718.html Soundings 2018-08-27T08:00:00.000-04:00

Sometimes we need to remind ourselves of the obvious and occasionally we read something or converse with someone who shines a spotlight on the proverbial elephant in the room. I had just such a moment when reading a column by the conservative columnist Ross Douthat in The New York Times. Douthat used his essay, “The White Strategy,” to assess the Trump campaign and GOP electoral strategy to increase racial polarization to mobilize voters in 2016 and currently. Douthat carefully parsed Trump’s electoral margins and racialized rhetoric targeted to key demographic groups in 2016 in several midwestern states (which resulted in his Electoral College victory). While suggesting that outcome hardly constituted a vindication of the former businessman’s strategy, and making clear he did not embrace such a course himself, Douthat nevertheless observed:

 

Turning out disaffected whites is more politically effective than most people imagined after 2012, but white voters are ultimately too divided to make a “white strategy” work as a foundation for a real governing majority.[1]

 

I doubt I am the only person who read this analysis with incredulity and concern. Douthat suggested that Trump and the GOP had consciously adopted fomenting such division as their preferred and ongoing course. Meanwhile, once in office Trump has continued almost daily to stoke racial animosity and polarization by encouraging white identitarianism among his supporters. Douthat concluded that this stance is unlikely to win the next national election for the GOP:

But when those anxieties are translated into white-identitarian rhetoric, they cost Republicans not only minority votes but white votes as well, repelling anti-racist white suburbanites even as they mobilize some share of racially-resentful whites.

So even with a slower immigration rate, a slower pace of demographic change, the Republican Party would still need either some of the white voters Trump alienated or some of the minority votes he didn’t really try to win — and neither can be delivered by the white strategy alone.[2]

For the columnist, a “morally superior” winning alternative would,

 

recognize that Trump’s populist rhetoric as well as his race-baiting helped win the white Midwest, and instead of a white strategy pursue a populist strategy shorn of white-identity appeals. Keep the infrastructure promises and drop the birther forays; pursue E-Verify but forgo the child-separating cruelties; be tough on China but stop vilifying black athletes; embrace nationalism but stiff-arm Confederate nostalgia.[3]

 

Even as Douthat argued that Trump should drop his “populist race baiting,” he concluded that neither Trump nor the GOP was likely to do so.  

While Douthat, a respected national conservative,  was surely justified in raising concerns about the President’s and Party’s ongoing race baiting and racial polarization efforts, the facts he treated are not only morally outrageous, but also completely antithetical to the founding principles and Constitution of the nation that individuals seeking elective office under the GOP banner routinely swear to uphold and serve. This is a diverse nation and one that has only grown more so, and that trend looks set to continue and to deepen. It is also a country that has long struggled to cope with that heterogeneity and that has done so unevenly and often amidst the imposition of tragic injustices. Nevertheless, this nation’s declared ideals call for human equality, irrespective of race or any other characteristic. Indeed, however unevenly attained and despite the high price those pursuing progress in civil rights have too often paid, including a prolonged and bloody civil war echoes of whose divisions endure today, those core aims represent a precisely antithetical stance and course to Trump and the GOP’s “strategy.”

So, the elephant in the room is how the nation’s dominant political party and its titular head could embrace so patently cynical, anti-democratic and anti-American a course simply to win votes in the near term. This racist force, ultimately constructed on human fear and alarm concerning difference (the flight or fight instinct), cannot readily be controlled once unleashed. Trump and the Republican Party have nonetheless intentionally opened this Pandora’s Box and actively encouraged a share of the country’s population to hate, and to do so mindlessly and heedlessly, in order to garner votes, irrespective of the costs to the unity of the nation or to its animating aspirations to assure the civil and human rights of all of its citizens. In adopting this course, Trump and his party have sullied the regime as a beacon of hope for freedom around the world, even as they have daily ostracized immigrants, African Americans and those evidencing any difference from a supposedly superior mythical white archetype. To watch this spectacle unfold is both sad and sickening.  However obvious it may be to highlight the poison that has been loosed, it is essential to point up the destructive cynicism of those who released it as well, and for that very reason.

Apart from its ugly anti-democratic and corrosive impacts on human and civil rights, the GOP’s “white strategy” exacerbates the difficulties that individuals who appear different (whether on the basis of religion, perceived disability, race, ethnicity, gender or other characteristic) daily encounter precisely because it legitimates discriminatory behaviors rather than encouraging all American citizens to accept human diversity as a foundational reality that has no bearing on the otherwise in-principle equal standing and dignity of all human beings. The poet and essayist Claudia Rankine has written powerfully of the effects of animosity for those who are its targets. In one such reflection she recalled witnessing a conversation with the philosopher Judith Butler in which that scholar noted that the very being of humans makes them vulnerable to the hurt and pain imposed by the hate-filled language of the sort Trump and others in the GOP routinely employ today,

 

For so long you thought the ambition of racist language was to denigrate and erase you as a person. After considering Butler’s remarks, you begin to understand yourself as rendered hypervisible in the face of such language acts. Language that feels hurtful is intended to exploit all the ways that you are present.[4]

 

Rankine’s profound prose-poetry illuminates the harm visited on those stigmatized by an ongoing Trumpian politics of calculated cruelty. These costs are being levied in the name of a “White Strategy” and their toll in human terms is incalculable, laying aside their implications for the rights of all of the nation’s citizens and for self-governance. One of our country’s major political parties has shown itself willing to erode this nation’s dearest principles as it subjects the standing and rights of a broad share of its population to daily assaults on their basic rights in the name of short-term political power. Whatever one’s partisanship, this situation should be unacceptable. No argument or rationalization can excuse, let alone explain, supporting this so-called “strategy” and the shameful costs it imposes on millions of this nation’s residents each day. I am reminded of holocaust survivor and Nobel Peace Prize winning author Elie Weisel’s insight:

 

There may be times when we are powerless to prevent injustice, but there must never be a time when we fail to protest.[5]

 

Just so.

Notes

[1] Douthat, Ross. “The White Strategy,” The New York Times, August 11, 2018,  https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/11/opinion/sunday/the-white-strategy.html  Accessed August 19, 2018.

[2] Douthat, Ross. “The White Strategy.”

[3] Douthat, Ross. “The White Strategy.”

[4] Rankine, Claudia. Citizen: An American Lyric. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Graywolf Press, 2014, p. 49.

[5] Weisel, Elie. “Nobel Lecture: Hope, Despair and Memory,” December 11, 1986, https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/1986/wiesel/lecture/ Accessed August 19, 2018.

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2017-10-08T08:00:00.000-04:00 Aboard a ‘Ship of Fools’ Awash with Hate https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings10082018.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings10082018.html Soundings 2018-10-08T08:00:00.000-04:00 Are we witnessing the end of Shame in American Political Discourse? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings100911.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:11:44 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings100911.html Soundings 2011-10-09T00:00:00.000-04:00 In Search of Democratic Deliberation https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101016.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101016.html Soundings 2016-10-10T00:00:00.000-04:00 On Imagination, Trust and Democratic Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101115.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 13:51:53 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101115.html Soundings 2015-10-11T08:00:00.000-04:00 On Death and Democratic Imagination https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101214.html Tue, 28 Jan 2020 16:13:05 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101214.html Soundings 2014-10-12T00:00:00.000-04:00 Treacherous Inequality and ‘Appalachian Fall’ https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101220.html Mon, 12 Oct 2020 07:20:10 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101220.html Soundings 2020-10-10T07:00:00.000-04:00 A Captivity of Consciousness https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings10132013.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 16:20:32 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings10132013.html Soundings 2013-10-13T00:00:00.000-04:00 Human Dignity and Simple Acts of Joy https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101412.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 13:32:03 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101412.html Soundings 2012-10-14T00:00:00.000-04:00 Of Damning Facts and Destructive Fantasies https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101722.html Mon, 17 Oct 2022 08:57:53 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101722.html Soundings 2022-10-17T08:52:00.000-04:00 Imagination, Individual Will, Difference and Democratic Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings10182021.html Fri, 15 Oct 2021 12:21:12 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings10182021.html Soundings 2021-10-18T11:54:00.000-04:00 On Moral Courage, Social Norms and Self Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101914.html Tue, 28 Jan 2020 16:11:06 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings101914.html Soundings 2014-10-19T00:00:00.000-04:00 Descent into Demagoguery https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102013.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 16:18:32 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102013.html Soundings 2013-10-20T00:00:00.000-04:00 ‘Framing’ Democratic Deliberation https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102112.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 13:30:11 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102112.html Soundings 2012-10-21T00:00:00.000-04:00 Noise, Quiet and Democratic Deliberation https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102119.html Tue, 15 Oct 2019 15:13:23 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102119.html Soundings 2019-10-21T15:05:00.000-04:00 Reflections on Capacity Building and Community Change https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102217.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102217.html Soundings 2017-10-22T08:00:00.000-04:00 The Power of Language in Human Society https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102218.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102218.html Soundings 2018-10-22T08:00:00.000-04:00 A Demagogue Attacks American Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102316.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102316.html Soundings 2016-10-23T00:00:00.000-04:00 Peacebuilding as Disciplined Imagination and Maturity https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102410.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:30:10 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102410.html Soundings 2010-10-24T00:00:00.000-04:00 A Flâneur Reflects on the Simmering Crisis in American Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102515.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 13:50:33 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102515.html Soundings 2015-10-25T08:00:00.000-04:00 A Tale of Two Interpretations https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102610.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:28:31 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102610.html Soundings 2010-10-26T00:00:00.000-04:00 Reflections on Democratic Leadership and Popular Exploitation https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102614.html Tue, 28 Jan 2020 15:47:32 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102614.html Soundings 2014-10-26T00:00:00.000-04:00 ‘Assumptive Worlds’ and American Democracy’s Greatest Test https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102620.html Mon, 26 Oct 2020 08:03:59 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102620.html Soundings 2020-10-26T08:00:00.000-04:00 Piercing the Veil https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102713.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 16:15:37 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102713.html Soundings 2013-10-27T00:00:00.000-04:00 “Is there any ‘there,’ there? How would we know?” https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102812.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 13:28:25 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings102812.html Soundings 2012-10-28T00:00:00.000-04:00 On 'Mending Wall,' in Politics and Otherwise https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110210.html Fri, 21 Jan 2022 08:30:43 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110210.html Soundings 2022-01-10T09:35:00.000-05:00 Democrats, Plutocrats and Our Nation’s Public Policy Course https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110214.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:54:07 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110214.html Soundings 2014-11-02T00:00:00.000-04:00 Policy Judgments and the Commons https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110313.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 16:12:36 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110313.html Soundings 2013-11-03T00:00:00.000-04:00 Radical with a Cause https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110410.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:26:34 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110410.html Soundings 2010-11-04T00:00:00.000-04:00 Portrait of a Statesman: Feeding on Dreams https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110412.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 13:26:55 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110412.html Soundings 2012-11-04T00:00:00.000-04:00 Only Our Nation’s Citizens Can Address its Deepening Governance Crisis https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110518.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110518.html Soundings 2018-11-05T08:00:00.000-05:00 On Human Cruelty and Alterity https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110617.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110617.html Soundings 2017-11-06T08:00:00.000-05:00 Electoral Carnage, American Style https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110716.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110716.html Soundings 2016-11-07T00:00:00.000-05:00 Tearing at the Sinews of Democratic Legitimacy https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110722.html Mon, 07 Nov 2022 09:09:42 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110722.html Soundings 2022-11-07T08:55:00.000-05:00 Confronting Critical Choices Concerning Human Rights and Torture https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110914.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:52:08 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110914.html Soundings 2014-11-09T00:00:00.000-05:00 Outrageous Rhetoric, Political Alienation and Democratic Deliberation https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110915.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 13:22:37 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110915.html Soundings 2015-11-09T08:00:00.000-05:00 Reflections on a Historic National Election https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110920.html Mon, 09 Nov 2020 08:47:51 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings110920.html Soundings 2020-11-09T08:45:00.000-05:00 Defining the University Down https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111013.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 16:11:13 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111013.html Soundings 2013-11-10T00:00:00.000-05:00 On American Unity and Individualism https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111112.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 13:16:32 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111112.html Soundings 2012-11-11T00:00:00.000-05:00 Principled Anarchy or a Nation losing its Way? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111411.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:10:29 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111411.html Soundings 2011-11-14T00:00:00.000-05:00 Leonard Cohen: A Villanelle for our Time https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111416.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111416.html Soundings 2016-11-14T00:00:00.000-05:00 “Campaign Strategy,” Lies and the Contest for America’s Soul https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings11152021.html Mon, 15 Nov 2021 11:50:32 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings11152021.html Soundings 2021-11-15T11:16:00.000-05:00 Making Sense of the Recent Election https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111614.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:50:28 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111614.html Soundings 2014-11-16T08:00:00.000-05:00 A Nest of Paradoxes https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111616.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111616.html Soundings 2016-11-16T00:00:00.000-05:00 Governance by Abstract Assumption https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111713.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 16:09:22 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111713.html Soundings 2013-11-17T00:00:00.000-05:00 Mr. Romney’s Profound Misapprehension https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111812.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 13:14:49 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111812.html Soundings 2012-11-18T00:00:00.000-05:00 Decolonizing Social Imagination https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111819.html Fri, 15 Nov 2019 15:08:22 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111819.html Soundings 2019-11-18T08:00:00.000-05:00 Reflections on Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address at Thanksgiving https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111917.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings111917.html Soundings 2017-11-19T08:00:00.000-05:00 Note from Max Stephenson about Soundings https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings1119180.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings1119180.html Soundings 2018-11-19T00:00:00.000-05:00 Emptying the Soul of the Nation One Person at a Time https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings112314.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:48:57 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings112314.html Soundings 2014-11-23T08:00:00.000-05:00 A New and Sad Chapter for Torture in the United States? https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings112512.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 13:13:01 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings112512.html Soundings 2012-11-25T00:00:00.000-05:00 Journalists Must Understand Nihilism and Democracy are Not Morally Equivalent https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings112921.html Mon, 29 Nov 2021 15:08:08 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings112921.html Soundings 2021-11-29T14:00:57.937-05:00 Anne Frank’s Legacy and the Politics of Fear and Intolerance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings113014.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:45:45 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings113014.html Soundings 2014-11-30T08:00:00.000-05:00 The Humanities in Peril https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120113.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 16:07:37 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120113.html Soundings 2013-12-01T00:00:00.000-05:00 The Imperative Need to Rebalance a Political Economy in Crisis https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120212.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 13:11:27 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120212.html Soundings 2012-12-02T00:00:00.000-05:00 Recalling the Lessons of the Voyage of the MS St. Louis https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120318.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120318.html Soundings 2018-12-03T00:00:00.000-05:00 Counting the Costs of Partyism https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120319.html Tue, 03 Dec 2019 08:38:10 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120319.html Soundings 2019-12-03T08:31:00.000-05:00 Fear and the Moral Imagination: The Oil and Water of Democratic Self-Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120417.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120417.html Soundings 2017-12-04T08:00:00.000-05:00 Sarah Palin and Negative and Positive Liberty https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120510.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:25:19 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120510.html Soundings 2010-12-05T00:00:00.000-05:00 Defining Democratic Legitimacy Down https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120516.html Wed, 04 Sep 2019 16:32:57 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120516.html Soundings 2016-12-05T00:00:00.000-05:00 Charting the Wellsprings of a Democratic Crisis https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120614.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:44:09 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120614.html Soundings 2014-12-06T00:00:00.000-05:00 A Tipping Point in American Politics https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120715.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 13:19:52 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120715.html Soundings 2015-12-07T00:00:00.000-05:00 “Decency, Democracy and ‘Big Lies’” https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120720.html Mon, 07 Dec 2020 08:03:41 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120720.html Soundings 2020-12-07T08:00:00.000-05:00 On Three Discomfiting Political Trends https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120813.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 16:06:13 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120813.html Soundings 2013-12-08T00:00:00.000-05:00 Imagined Slights and Disability Rights https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120912.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 13:09:43 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings120912.html Soundings 2012-12-09T00:00:00.000-05:00 Acknowledging the Lessons of History https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings12142014.html Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:42:18 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings12142014.html Soundings 2014-12-14T08:00:00.000-05:00 On Magnanimity, Leadership and Freedom https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings121513.html Mon, 06 Apr 2020 16:04:29 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings121513.html Soundings 2013-12-15T00:00:00.000-05:00 In Praise of Critical Reflection https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings121612.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 13:07:59 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings121612.html Soundings 2012-12-16T00:00:00.000-05:00 A Clear and Present Danger https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings121619.html Tue, 17 Dec 2019 08:46:43 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings121619.html Soundings 2019-12-16T07:58:00.000-05:00 Reflections on A Continuing Pall https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings121922.html Mon, 19 Dec 2022 08:56:22 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings121922.html Soundings 2022-12-19T08:38:00.000-05:00 “An Indelible Stain” (1) https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings122120.html Mon, 21 Dec 2020 07:03:34 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings122120.html Soundings 2020-12-21T08:00:00.000-05:00 Rhetorical "Opportunity" Meets Reality https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings123011.html Tue, 07 Apr 2020 16:08:55 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings123011.html Soundings 2011-12-30T00:00:00.000-05:00 Of Fantasies and Imagined Superheroes https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings12422.html Mon, 24 Jan 2022 09:41:35 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/Soundings12422.html Soundings 2022-01-24T08:28:00.000-05:00 On Journalism, Empirical Reality and Ethical Claim https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/on-journalism--empirical-reality-and-ethical-claim.html Mon, 28 Nov 2022 10:04:10 -0500 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/on-journalism--empirical-reality-and-ethical-claim.html Soundings 2022-11-28T09:46:00.000-05:00 Practicing Cruelty in the Quest for Power https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/practicing-cruelty-in-the-quest-for-power.html Thu, 09 Sep 2021 09:33:37 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/practicing-cruelty-in-the-quest-for-power.html Soundings 2021-09-09T09:08:00.000-04:00 The “Banality of Evil” and the Evanescence of Democratic Governance https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/the--banality-of-evil--and-the-evanescence-of-democratic-governa.html Tue, 01 Jun 2021 12:42:01 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/the--banality-of-evil--and-the-evanescence-of-democratic-governa.html Soundings 2021-06-01T11:00:00.000-04:00 Two Writers Illuminate the Nation’s Governance Crisis https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/two-writers-illuminate-the-nation-s-governance-crisis.html Mon, 01 Nov 2021 09:23:15 -0400 https://ipg.vt.edu/DirectorsCorner/Soundings/two-writers-illuminate-the-nation-s-governance-crisis.html Soundings 2021-11-01T08:53:00.000-04:00